Organic/Conventional Comparison

What have scientists determined in their research about the quality, nutritional characteristics and production practices used in organic agriculture? Below are summaries of peer-reviewed studies by international scientists and researchers comparing organic versus conventional farming practices. Each link provides a summary of the study's background, methodology, findings and conclusions, and lists the full reference for further reading.

This page lists the majority of all studies collected on this website, since much of the research in organic agriculture is compared against conventional practices. For ease of navigation, you can sort the listing by food group below. Note that livestock feed varies among countries, and comparisons of organic and conventional systems in other countries may produce different results in the United States.

Some of these studies also have ties to Animal Health, Consumer Perspectives and Environmental Impacts. Although they are not sublisted here, they may be found through the sidebar menu.

Note: Descriptions about the scientific findings and conclusions are those of the original author, and not this project. Typographic errors may be attributed to the original sources. Please contact this website to report broken or outdated source links.