Characteristics of Organic and Conventional Vegetables After Cooking

Abstract: Vegetable consumption is associated with health benefits. Organic foods are thought to have higher contents of antioxidant substances. The objective of this work is to quantify soluble and hydrolyzable polyphenols, ascorbic acid, and the antioxidant capacity of fresh conventional and organic retail vegetables (potato, carrot, onion, broccoli, and white cabbage) while evaluating the effect of boiling, microwaving, and steaming on these parameters. The recovery rate for soluble and hydrolyzable polyphenols was variable according to the vegetable analyzed. However, soluble polyphenols resulted in lower recovery rates than did hydrolyzable phenolics after cooking. Organic vegetables showed higher sensitivity to heat processing than did conventionally grown vegetables. In general, cooking was found to lead to reductions in the antioxidant capacity for most vegetables, with small differences between the cooking methods applied. Even with the alterations in their content, polyphenols showed a positive correlation with antioxidant capacity in raw and cooked vegetables from both types of agriculture. © Elsevier Science Publishing Company, Inc.

Reference: Faller, A. K., & Fialho, E. E. (2009). The antioxidant capacity and polyphenol content of organic and conventional retail vegetables after domestic cooking. Food Research International, 42(1), 210-215. Available online at: